The construction of this palace of the Peshwas was started on a Saturday and hence the name (Saturday is Shaniwar in Hindi). This 13-storey building was started in 1730 by Bajirao I and was finally made ready in 1732. Security was given prime importance here, with nine bastions and five gateways (Dilli darwaza, Mastani darwaza, Khidki darwaza, Ganesh darwaza and Narayan darwaza). This fort was the center of Indian politics in the 18th century; the change in its status came at the heels of the rise of the Maratha empire. The fort itself was partially destroyed in a fire in 1828; whichever structures remained are now promoted for tourism. An unmissable site for tourists is the lotus-shaped fountain in the complex of the fort.

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