Situated around 8 km from Bhaja, the Karla Caves near Lonavala were constructed between the 2nd century AD and the 5th century AD. These well-known Buddhist rock-cut caves have one of the largest chaityagrihas (prayer hall with a stupa inside) in India, known for its architectural style. It is said that the monks decided to build their shrine here because Karla was a natural cave, and was therefore ideal for excavation. A number of shrines were abandoned halfway through, something that is obvious from their broad, rugged outlines. There are gorgeous sculptures on the pillars of the chaityagriha as well as the verandah. These 15 caves are known for detailed inscriptions as well. They sit high up on a hill, and at one time received a lot of rain.

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