The twin hills of Khandagiri and Udaygiri, also known as Kumargiri and Kumarigiri, are renowned for their rock-cut caves, that were built for Jain monks sometime during 1st and 2nd centuries BC. They also feature the lithic record of 13 years of Kalinga king, Kharavela's reign. His queen was a patron of arts and crafts, which is why the sculptures and designs of these caves are extraordinary. These lithic records are inscribed on the walls of the Hathi Gumpha or elephant cave in Udaygiri, and are a grand example of Pali records found in India. The Rani Gumpha, also in the Udaygiri caves, is worth a visit for its spacious courtyard and sculptural friezes. While Khandagiri has 15 caves and is located on the left, Udaygiri has 18 caves and is located on the right. These caves are located about 7 km west of Bhubaneswar's city center.

Other Attractions in Bhubaneswar