Tribal Ornaments

The tribal communities of Jharkhand are known for their eclectic jewellery, which is mostly made from materials like beads, precious stones, bell-metal and brass. Some of the most attractive ornaments worn by tribal communities include necklaces, earrings, anklets, bracelets and bangles.

Women also sport a kardhani on their waist and tikuli on their foreheads. The women of the Santhal tribe wear earrings featuring striking motifs. Some of these ornaments are made of wild grass. The silver ornaments copy the kundan work while the earrings are fragile in appearance. Most of the tribal jewellery articles have motifs of berries, leaves and flowers.

Tribal Ornaments

Stone Carvings

The tribal communities of Jharkhand follow the age-old tradition of stone carving, which involves etching beautiful designs and patterns on stones. Stone carving is one of the most popular crafts of Jharkhand and the artefacts thus made are proud representatives of the rich cultural heritage of the state and speak volumes about the lifestyle of the tribal communities of the region.

Tourists can get great deals at the handicraft emporiums of the city that sell rare stone carvings.

Stone Carvings

Metal Craft

Jharkhand's Tentri and Malhar communities are known for being experts in metal craft and creating a wide range of articles. From weapons and hunting gear to agricultural equipment and decorative items, these talented craftsmen make ethnic articles that represent the rich tribal heritage of the state. The metal artefacts are an amazing blend of style and local designs.

While precious metals like gold and silver are used to create exquisite jewellery items, iron is used to make weapons for defensive purposes. Tourists visiting Ranchi will find a variety of metal products in the city's handicraft emporiums which they must carry back as souvenirs from their Jharkhand trip.

Metal Craft

Bamboo Work

Being a natural reservoir of bamboo, Jharkhand is famed for its unique bamboo products. The Chhota Nagpur Plateau is home to densely populated forests lined with bamboo groves. The tribal people of Jharkhand have been using bamboo to make daily use products like baskets, vases, fishing equipment and other decorative items since ancient times.

The tribes of the state have mastered the art of making exquisite items using bamboo and cane. The thicker bamboo stems are used for crafting stronger products and decorating buildings while cut bamboo is used to make water containers and other useful products. Tourists can also shop for beautifully woven bamboo floor mats.

Bamboo Work

Paitkar Paintings

One of the most ancient schools in the country, Paitkar paintings are a creative expression of the states folk art. Popularly known as the scroll paintings of the east, Paitkar paintings are mostly based on themes drawn from Hindu epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana. These traditional paintings tell the stories of the miracles performed by various gods and goddesses like Shiva and Durga. Paitkar painters usually make use of only primary colours like red, yellow and blue with palm leaves acting as a base. The brushes used to paint are made from the hair of squirrels and goats. Most of the painted space in Paitkar paintings is occupied by human characters with elongated eyes, a prime characteristic of the Indian painting style. Located in the eastern part of Jharkhand, Amadubi Village is home to families of talented Paitkar artists. The village is also known as the village of Paitkars and the art form is said to have originated here. The Santhal tribe of the state believes that Paitkar paintings can send wandering souls of dead people to heaven.

Paitkar Paintings

Wooden Crafts

Thanks to a rich forest cover, Jharkhand has an abundance of wood, which is used by people of various tribal groups to make household articles. Some of the exquisite items tourists can buy include wall hangings, key hangers, fruit baskets, utensils, candle stands, flower vases, pen stands and toys. The locals also use wood to make windows, doors, boxes and wooden spoons. The intricately carved designs and patterns of the articles represent the rich tribal heritage of Jharkhand that makes them a great choice for home decor. The tribal communities have a great respect for trees, which is why they use only the branches to create artefacts rather than cutting down the entire tree.

Wooden Crafts