Also known as Mathura Museum, it is an octagonal-shaped structure made completely in red sandstone. The museum boasts a rare collection of coins made of gold, silver and copper, paintings, terracotta products and more. It is particularly famous for its sculpture collection, showcasing the influence of the Mathura school of arts, dated between the 3rd century BC and 12th century AD. The artefacts you should definitely check out are the statue of Victoria, erstwhile empress of India, a 3000-year-old anthropomorphic copper figure found in Shahabad in Uttar Pradesh, a Jain tablet dated back to the 1st century and many more. The museum was established by Sir FS Growse in 1874, who was the collector of Mathura at that time. It was originally known as the Curzon Museum of Archaeology, then Archaeology Museum, Mathura, before finally being renamed as Government Museum. In celebration of the 100-year anniversary of the museum, the Government of India issued a postage stamp on 9 October, 1974. Other notable features are the discoveries made by renowned colonial archaeologists such as Alexander Cunningham, FS Growse, and Fuhrer.

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