Located on the banks of River Ghaghara, Faizabad is drenched in the historic past of the nawabs of Awadh and makes for a great getaway from Ayodhya. Founded by Sadat Khan (1722 to 1739), the second nawab of Awadh, Faizabad is home to beautiful forts, mausoleums and mosques. Begin your trip with a visit to Fort Calcutta, popularly known as Chhota Calcutta. Built in 1764 by Shuja-ud-Daula, nawab of Awadh (1754-1775), after being defeated by the British in the war of Buxar, the fort's construction signified that the nawab did not lose control over the region despite losing the battle. The fort served as the residence of the nawab and his begum till their death. Built in the Mughal style of architecture, the fort walls are made of local clay. However, most part of the fort lies in ruins today. Tourists can also visit Gulab Bari, the garden of roses that houses the magnificent tomb of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula. It is noted for its wide variety of roses, which draw nature lovers and botanists from all parts of the country. Gulab Bari was used to host significant religious functions during the nawab's reign.

Built in the Islamic style of architecture, the imposing tomb is one of the best designed monuments in Uttar Pradesh. As you enter the garden, a large pillar with India's National Emblem welcomes you. A well-maintained walkway lined with swaying coconut trees on either sides leads you to an ancient arched gateway. To enter the garden, you need to pass through this imposing gateway. The garden also houses a beautiful mosque and a small watchtower that stands right next to the mosque. Walking through the arched passages of the tomb makes for a fascinating experience.


The opulent Moti Mahal, which was the home of Shuja-ud-Daula's wife, Bahu Begum, is also worth a visit. Surrounded by a well-manicured garden, the palace stands as a fine specimen of Mughal architecture and speaks volumes about the princely past of Faizabad. Her tomb rests in Jawaharbagh and is considered to be one of the best buildings in Awadh. At the time, its construction cost about three lakh rupees.


Tourists can also visit the Chakra Harji Vishnu Temple, which is noted for bearing the imprint of Lord Rama's feet and the Raja Mandir, which is yet another popular temple in Faizabad.

Other Attractions in Ayodhya