The Rock Fort towers over the city of Tiruchirappalli and is built with rocks that are believed to be over a billion years old. Standing at a proud height of 275 ft, the fort was constructed by the Nayaks, who ruled between the 14th and 15th centuries. The structure was built with an aim to withstand siege and keep an eye over the approaching enemy. About 344 steps carved into rocks lead the way into the fort. The main attractions are three Hindu temples inside the premises - Manikka Vinayakar Temple, Ucchi Pillaiyar Temple and Thayumanavar Temple. The Manikka Vinayakar Temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesha and is located at the base of the hill, while the 7th century Ucchi Pillayar Temple is perched on the hilltop and is also dedicated to Lord Ganesha. The Thayumanavar Temple is the biggest of the three temples and is dedicated to Lord Shiva, who is worshipped in the form of a lingam. This temple is believed to have been constructed in the 6th century by Mahendra Varman of Pallava dynasty. The fort is also known as Pillaiyar Kovil and draws huge footfalls during the Chittirai festival , celebrated in the months of April and May for 15 days.

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