It was established in 1977 by the Tribal Research Institute and is now maintained by the Art and Culture Department. It is an ethnographic museum with multiple Mizo tribal artefacts and collections on display. There are five galleries: Textile Gallery, Ethnology, History, Anthropology, Natural History and Archaeology terrace. The collection occupies four floors. The galleries have undergone a lot of renovation under the care of Indian Museum, Kolkata. Financial assistance was also received from Victoria Memorial, Kolkata.