Gaya is a Hindu pilgrimage hub and a transit point for Buddhist pilgrimage center of Bodhgaya. It is believed that it was here under a tree that Buddha attained enlightenment. Gaya is a busy city situated on the bank of River Phalgu and it is replete with many temples and historic sites dating back to different eras that stand as the evidence to the successful rule of Maurya and Gupta dynasty here. The glory of Gaya was such that even Hiuen Tsang could not resist mentioning it in his travelogues.

Popular places nearby are Bodhgaya, Mahabodhi Temple, Vishnupad Temple, Magla Gauri Shrine, Dungeshwari Cave Temples, Barabar Caves, Bodhi Tree, Chinese Temple and Monastery, Bodhgaya Archaeological Museum, Muchalinda Lake, Thai Temple and Monastery, Royal Bhutan Monastery.