Around 40 km from Bodh Gaya lies a cluster of four caves, namely Karan Chaupar, Lomas Rishi, Sudama and Visvakarma, known as the Barabar Caves. Carved out from a monolithic granite rock, these are supposed to have been constructed by emperor Ashoka for the use of Ajivaka ascetics. The most unique cave is Lomas Rishi, whose façade is an exact replica of the wood and thatch huts of monks. The interior of the cave has a remarkable glass-like polish. One can also find a few Hindu and Jain sculptures in these Buddhist caves. Another cave called the Nagarjuni Cave lies about 2 km from Barabar Caves. Since both of them are believed to be from the same time frame, together they are called 'satghar'.

Other Attractions in Bodh Gaya