Bharat Ratna Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, a renowned freedom fighter founded Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in the year 1916. Dr. Annie Besant also played an important role in the formation of this Central University. Over a period of time, it has developed into one of the greatest centers of learning in India. The BHU has produced many great freedom fighters and Nation builders. It has immensely contributed to the progress of the nation through a large number of renowned scholars, artists and scientists. Its campus is spread over 1300 acres. It has well maintained roads (crossing each other at right angle), extensive greenery, a temple, an airstrip and buildings, which are an architectural delight.