Spread over the hilly terrain of the attractive scenic beauty, Betla National Park is an amazing scenic location. Wild elephants wander without restraints in the forests of this park. It has the status of being one of the 9 tiger reserves that were first established in India. Due to a diversified ecosystem, the Betla National Park is home to a huge variety of wildlife and birds.
One of India’s earliest tiger reserves (1974), Betla features luxuriant tropical forest cover and a rich variety of fauna. It was first established as a sanctuary and later upgraded to its present status. Average elevation is about 1000 feet and though the park is open throughout the year the best time to visit is between November to March. Spread over 250 sq. kms., the park is covered with good roads cris-crossing each other, to enables the motorist to have a closer view of the wild life in dense forests.
Gour, Chital, Elephant, Tiger, Panther, Sloth and Wild Bear, Sambhar, Nilgai, Kakar, Mouse Deer are permanent residents. Langurs are present in large families. Betla features waterfalls and natural hot springs on one hand, and historical monuments including a 16th century fort of Chero kings on the other.
Regulations within the Reserve :-
Following regulations are practiced :-
1. No entry after sunset & before sunrise. Night driving is prohibited in the reserve.
2. Pets, transistors, tape-recorder, stereos are not permitted.
3. No arms and ammunitions are allowed.
4. Carelessly throwing & leaving trash litter are strictly prohibited.
5. Candling fire in the forest is prohibited.
6. Fast driving (> 20 km. Per hour) & blowing of horn is strictly prohibited.
7. Shouting, teasing or chasing of animals are prohibited.
8. Hunting and fishing are strictly prohibited.
9. Staying in rest house without reservation are prohibited.
10. Use of flash camera to take a snap of wild animals is not allowed.
Interpretation & Conservation Education: - There is one Nature Interpretation Center (NIC), at Betla. This is an excellent creation, consists of reception, displays of models, Museum, Library and auditorium. This NIC remains open for the visitors daily from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm. 16 mm films and videos film on wild life are also shown in the auditorium.
Bisra Munda Airport at Ranchi (170 kms aprx) is the nearest airport connected by flights from Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Kolkata, Delhi and Patna.
The nearest railway station is at Barwadih Junction; it's 13 km by taxi or bus. The station features connections from Daltonganj, Latehar, Ranchi, Sasaram, Gaya, Patna, Varanasi, Allahabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, Delhi and Amritsar.
Betla is located 170 kilometers from Ranchi, the state capital. It is 25 kilometers from Daltonganj.