Lohagad And Visapur


With the hilly terrain of the Sahyadri range and the able expertise of the Maratha King Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj at establishing forts at strategic points, Maharashtra has over 350 odd Forts which are some of the finest, strongest, and the most unique Forts of India. Out of these, the ones at Lohagad and Visapur occupy an extremely important place in the history for the various military activities they witnessed. These forts were important for anyone who ruled the region because they were used to guard the trade route going through the Bor Ghat, now called as Khandala Ghat. These two forts are connected by a ‘col’ (sharp-edged ridge) known as ‘gaymukh’. Visapur Fort is known for its unbroken line of fortification, which remains in a reasonably good condition even today. This fort was built by Balaji Vishwanath, the first Peshwa of the Maratha Empire, during 1713-1720. Within the fort are caves, cisterns of water, a decorated arch and old houses. Some of the iron cannons and guns which were disabled by the British also offer an interesting peek into Maratha history.The Bhaja Caves a group of 22 rock-cut caves dating back to 200 BC are carved in the same mountain on which fort Visapur is built. and was a a major trade route of the past that ran from the Arabian Sea eastward into the Deccan region.