Uparkot Fort

UPARKOT FORT

The oldest part of Junagadh, and the center of any visit to the city, is the upper citadel, known as Uparkot. The fort was built by Chandragupta of the Mauryan empire around 320 BC, and archaeological evidence confirms this, showing that Uparkot had been inhabited continuously since the 3rd century BC. 

The entrance to the Fort consists of three gateways, one inside the other. Just inside the entrance are the insignia of some of Uparkot’s former rulers and temples to Ganesh, Hanuman and Shakti. Closeby are two medieval cannons forged in Cairo The Adi-Kadi Vav and Navghan Kuwo stepwells inside Uparkot, are unusual forms of stepwells, since no structural construction was done and the whole structure of the well was hewn out of a single stone. Within the Fort is a complex of Buddhist caves, believed to belong to the 1st-4th Century AD. Other monuments in the Fort include the Jami Masjid.

 

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