Situated 11km from Hyderabad, Golconda Fort once served as the capital of ancient Golconda Kingdom and is one of the most famous historical forts of India. It derives its name from the Telugu words “Golla Konda“ meaning “Shepherd's Hill“. Originally a mud fort, the Golconda fort came under the control of several dynasties including the Yadavas of Deogiri, and the Kakatiya dynasty of Warangal. Being witness to several powerful dynasties and ruler, it has been world famous since ancient times for producing some of the finest gems the world has ever seen including Koo-I-Noor Kohi Noor the Hope Diamond. The fort is home to some beautiful palaces and contains the famous Fateh Rahben gun, one of the cannons used in the last siege of Golconda by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, to whom the fort ultimately fell in 1687. A unique sound and light show takes you right back in time when Golkonda was full of life, glory, and grandeur. With its fascinating history, the place is definitely worth a visit.