The small town of Gulbarga is famous for its association with the erstwhile medieval kingdom of Bahamani (1347-1526). It was the capital of the Bahamani rulers from 1347 to 1428. A number of monuments dating from 13th to the 15th Centuries can be seen here. These monuments reflect the architectural skills of the Bahamani rulers.
Gulbarga and the area around it was a part of the ancient Chalukyan kingdom of Badami. The origin of the town of Gulbarga goes back to the local Kakatiya rulers of Warangal. It witnessed a lot of turmoil in the early medieval period. In the early part of the 14th Century, it became the part of the Delhi Sultanate. It was captured by Ulugh Khan, one of the generals belonging to the Tughlaq Dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and later captured by Mohammed bin Tughlaq, the Sultan of Delhi. It remained a part of the Delhi Sultanate until the death of Mohammed bin Tughlaq. Later it became a part of the Bahamani kingdom. In the 17th Century, it was annexed by Aurangzeb, the last great Mughal ruler and inducted into the Mughal Empire. In the 18th century, Gulbarga came under the erstwhile rulers of Hyderabad.
The main tourist attractions in the town of Gulbarga are the monuments belonging to the erstwhile Bahamani rulers. Gulbarga fort is an important tourist spot. This fort has 15 towers.
Gulbarga Airport is a greenfield airport being built to serve Gulbarga in Karnataka, India. The project site is 15 km East of the city on State Highway 10 near Srinivas Saradagi village
Gulbarga Junction Railway station is located in Gulbarga district in the Indian state of Karnataka and serves Gulbarga. The town is now known as Kalaburagi. It is identified as one of the A1 category Station in 2016
Gulbarga is well connected by road network across India
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