Palitana located 51 km south west of Bhavnagar is known for having the largest cluster of Jain temples. There are in total 863 temples from the base to the peak of the Shatrunjaya Hill, where the temples are located. The path is climbed through 3950 steps spanning 3.5 km up the Shatrunjaya Hill. According to Jain scripture, Shatrunjaya hill was the site where Adinath, the 1st Jain tirthankar, achieved enlightenment. The hill thus became one of the holiest sites of Jainism.

The construction of these magnificent temples cannot be attributed to any one person, rather it was the effort of the wealthy businessmen who were followers of Jainism.