Buddhist Legacy

spreading the message of Lord buddha

Buddhism is founded on Lord Buddha’s beautiful message of love and self-discipline. His philosophic vision of life has found its representation in enormous stupas, and great caves of the past that live to this day to tell the narrative of his life.

India has some deeply revered Buddhist sites closely linked to every phase of the life of Lord Buddha. Places from where he began his journey to seek enlightment, place where he got the enlightenment and how the journey evolved to spread the lessons to entire world. A faith took over the world, filled people with the dignity and encouraged them to engage themselves in the right conduct in daily life. 

The Buddhist legacy also preaches to recognise the joy and the fruitful abundance of nature. It inspires mankind to give up materialistic pleasures, treat them as mere illusions and stay unperturbed by their comfort. It helps us recognise the high purpose of life and treasuring life itself. 


Chaneti Stupa

It is a small village situated 3 kms east of Jagadhri and nearly the same distance north-west of the historical site of Sugh. The area in which Chaneti is situated is known as the Khadar of the Yamuna River which now flows about 7 kms east of it and on the old deserted bed of which was excavated the Western Yamuna Canal. There were thick forests in this area and the present village was inhabited only about a hundred and seventy years back by clearing away these forests. Buddhist Stupa at Chaneti In the south-east of the village lies the site containing a Kushana period Buddhist Stupa. Dr. D.D. Handa of Kurukshetra University has given detailed description of this Stupa (VIJ, Vol. IV, Part I, pp. 75-80) and recently ASI branch of Chandigarh Circle has undertaken steps for its restoration. We produce below some of the details about it available in the earlier studies. The height of the mound is nearly 8 meters and its diameter about 20 meters. The original height must have been more than it is at present. The bricks used are well-burnt and yellowish-red in colour. The two sizes of the bricks are 30X30X7 cms and 30X15X7 cms. Laying down the rules of construction of a Stupa, is said that the first step was probably merely to build the cairn, the next step was to build the cairn of concentric layers of huge bricks in use at the time and to surround the whole with a wooden railing. Eluding to the very shape of this Stupa (Brick mound), Dr. Handa avers that it corresponds greatly to the Shahpur and Dharmarajika Stupas at Taxila as the same method of laying the concentric layers of huge bricks, the gradually diminishing diameter as the structure rise up and up. The bricks well-set in the circular fashion, the core of burnt bricks, and the place of Harmika as the top, all lead to its being a Stupa. The testimony of Huen Tsang, who visited Sulo-kin-na i.e. ancient Srughana/Sugh in the first half of seventh century AD, is also very important.   It seems that the Chaneti Stupa must have been one of these which were erected in Dhanabhutiâ time in and around the capital city. The yellowish red colour of the bricks which is typical of the Mauryan period and the plain, square and large sized bricks, corresponding with those used in the construction of the Bharhut Stupa lend further support to surmise that this Stupa was erected some time during the reign of King Dhanabhuti who ruled from 240 to 210 B.C. a find which has however, to be confirmed by more positive epigraphically or excavation evidence

Deor Kothar

Deor Kothar is a location of archaeological importance in Madhya Pradesh, Central India. It is popular for its Buddhist stupas and was discovered in 1982.These stupas are credited to Mauryan emperor Ashoka the great. It is located about 5 km North West of the Katra village in Rewa district at a distance of 75 km from Rewa on Rewa - Allahabad Road. The stupa of Deor Kothar was established by the Mauryan king Asoka in the 3rd century BCE. In the ancient time the site was located on the Dakshinapatha running east west from Patalipurta to Pratishthana in Maharashtra through central part of India. This place, because of it is located near the place like Sagar, Sanchi, Sarnath and Kaushambi, used to be frequently visited by the monks. Discovery of Deor Kothar: This place was discovered by P.K. Mishra along with Ajit Singh in 1982 and in 1988 the place was declared as national importance by Government of India and is being preserved and conserved by Archaeological Survey of India, Bhopal. Architecture of Deor Kothar: The Deorkothar complex proudly houses four brick stupas, the most ever found at a site of this period. The bricks used are of varied sizes like twirling lotus, conical lotus bud, and a simple flower pot on a three-tiered pedestal-the carving of which foreshadows early Buddhist art, can be seen on the railing posts of the largest brick stupa, which rises to a height of nearly 30 feet.  The stencil cut design of the friezes, along with their simple ornamentation and paucity of animal and human figures depict that they are attempt for stone railing art. This stupa was at Deorkothar was built much before the early free standing Sanchi Stupa. Apart from this the site of Deorkothar also comprises monasteries, an ancient pathway, a system for water channel, and 30 stone stupas, many of which contained sherds of high quality northern black polished ware, the pottery of everyday use between 700 and 300 B.C. The absence of such sherds from Sanchi proves the fact that Deorkothar predates that site. There are 63 rock shelters adorned with various types of arts dating back to first century BC which were used by monks for meditation. One of the paintings shows a tree and a stupa surrounded by a railing. Others show social or hunting scenes; men, women, and animals; weapons; and designs.  Although the pillars bear resemblance with the typical Mauryan polish, it is not made of the Chunar sandstone features of the Ashoka Empire but of the local sandstone. Some of the other remains that have been found are that of stone pieces, pottery and bangles with beautiful polish and some exquisite copper fragments. Some of the other art form that are worthy of mention are the stone pieces of the Mauryan polished chattra (the multi-tiered "umbrella" at the top of a stupa) with evidence of radial ribs. To the west of the main stupa, a lump of iron ore, iron slag and white nodules of lime indicate the presence of an iron-smelting furnace nearby.


Situated at a distance of about sixty kilometres from the largest city Vijaywada of Krishna district that is one of the 23 districts in Andhra Pradesh, it is a township and headquarters. It is located at a distance of about 11kms from River Krishna in the East and 21kms from Machlipatnam in the West. This place is believed to be named after the horse of Buddha known as ‘Kantakasaila’. The city of Ghantashala has been recognized as a chief tourist attraction by the Government of Andhra Pradesh and is famous for the remnants of Buddhist sculptures and Stupa that were established in 1919-1920. Ghantashala was considered previously as a historical place in the year 1871 by Boswell belonging to the East India Company. Later on it was re-discovered by Alexander. The Stupa is of an exclusive design resembling to the architecture of Satavahana periods and is also known as ‘Maha Chaitya’. It is an arrangement of bricks forming a solid cubical placed in the middle that is embellished by twelve zodiac signs. There is a three-dimensional engraved structure of two garland bearers on the top of the Stupa that is made up of limestone, a small Stupa seated on a throne in the centre and a Dhamma Chakra. Representing the birth of Buddha there is an item called ‘Purna Kalash’ that contains lotus flowers. It is said that there was a time when the dome of the Stupa was adorned with forty-seven slabs screening the Buddha, but later on were a bit ruined. The museum of the Ghantashala town has a collection of plenty of Buddhists remnants but a few of them also embellish the museums of Paris. Satavahana and Roman Gold coins can also be found in the Ghantashala Museum. A temple known as Jaladheeswaraswamy is a significant religious attraction of this place as Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi is placed together here. It is also known as Chinna Kasi and was believed to be constructed by various Gods. Adi Shankarachary was said to perform his first rites in this temple. There are special offerings made to Lord Shiva in the month of November by the people of Ghantashala.


Known as a bustling seat of ancient Tantrism and one of the few remaining  places in India that still prides itself in preserving the practices of the occult, very few outside of Assam would know that many centuries ago, Assam was a hotbed of Buddhism too.Changing trends in religious influences and social metamorphosis might or might not have changed who or how some ancient shrines that have survived till modern day Assam are worshipped today, but artifacts, archaeological findings and word of mouth appear to demonstrate the Buddhism has had its days of glory in ancient Assam.Beliefs state the Padmasambhava, the founder of Tibetan (also known as Vajrayana) Buddhism, died in Hajo, a town 28 kilometers from Guwahati. Nagarjuna, another leader of Mahayana Buddhism, is said to have erected a Caitya (Memorial) in Hajo around the 1st or 2nd century AD. Some scholars believe that this Caitya was converted into a Hindu temple around the 3rd or 4th century AD. The temple of Hayagriva-Madhava in Hajo is considered a pilgrimage from Southeast Asia.The 7th century AD Buddhist traveller Hiuen Tsang from China travelled across Assam during the reign of Bhaskarvarman, who although not a Buddhist himself, had a soft corner for the religion. Scholars vary on Hiuen Tsang's observations on Buddhism in Assam, some saying that he did not find any trace of it, and some stating that he observed it being practised secretly due to its esoteric practices. However, Bhaskarvarman did travel with Hiuen Tsang to the court of King Harsha in Kanauj to attend a large Buddhist conference.


Lalitgiri, with its other name as Naltigiri, is the 1st century Buddhist complex in Orissa, which together with Ratnagiri and Udayagiri creates Puspagiri University which has a number of best sculptures of that age – like significant stupas and monasteries (viharas). As a renowned Buddhist pilgrimage, this ancient lush village Lalitgiri is a holy destination for a large number of Buddhism devotees.  Numerous excavations done by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) have related this region with the origin point of Buddhism. ASI has been conducting such excavations since 1985 to today.Ratnagiri has been a historical and religious significance that make it an ideal destination to explore. The small yet religious town in Jajpur District of Odisha is known for a huge monastery that relates to Mahayana Sect along with famous kings like Ashoka and others from Gupta Dynasty. Apart from its strong historical backgroung, Ratnagiri is also known for the flow of main rivers of Odisha known as Mahanadi, Brahmani, Kimiria and Birupa.Udayagiri, an Orissa Buddhist complex to form Pushpagiri University along with udayagiri and Lalitgiri, and bears a number of significant stupas and monasteries (viharas). Udayagiri was referred as ‘Madhavapura Mahavihara’ in the history, as per the epigraphical artifact found in the region. A number of excavations have been conducted by the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) since 1958, which is still in continuity. The large excavation done 1997 to 2000 discovered the Udayagiri-2, the second part of Udayagiri. Several additional stupas and monasteries have been excavated here by ASI.