Founded in 1488 by Rao Bikaji, Bikaner is situated on an elevated ground surrounded by a 7 km long fortified wall with five entrance gates. A magnificent fort built between 1588 and 1593 dominates the city. The fort and palace are built of red sandstone. Asia's largest camel research farm is located in Bikaner. The city is also known for its intricately carved Jharokas, stone screens found on windows of the Junagarh fort, temples and havelis. Bikaner was and is the centre for Usta Art, a generic term for the Manoti-Naqqashi (embossed and unembossed floral and geometric patterned objects layered with gold) produced by Usta family master artisans of Bikaner. One of the best known exports of the city is Bikaneri Bhujia, a spicy snack made from moth dal and gram flour.
A unique aspect about Bikaner are the sand dunes scattered throughout the district. One of the earlier established cities of Rajasthan, Bikaner still displays its ancient opulence through palaces and forts that have withstood the passage of time. The city boasts of some of the world's best riding camels and is aptly nicknamed 'Camel Country'. It is also known for having its own unique temple dedicated to Karni Mata at Deshnok, called the Rats Temple.
Built over an area of 5. 28 hectares, the fort includes several palaces, temples and pavilions, in a mix of architectural styles.
What makes the shrine interesting are the mice and rats which are worshipped as incarnation of bards.
Bikaner Airport is the nearest airport to Bikaner, located around 13 km away from the city
Bikaner Junction and Lalgarh Railway Station are located at a distance of 6 km from each other. These two stations connect Bikaner to major Indian cities
Motorable roads connect Bikaner. Regular buses from Delhi, Jodhpur, Agra, Ajmer, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Udaipur and Kota are available for Bikaner.
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