The district Gorakhpur takes its name and fame from the famous, ascetic ' Gorakshnath ', who was an eminent Saint of 'Nath Samradaya'. A famous shrine 'Gorakhnath' was built in his honour on the same spot where he practiced austerity.Gorakhpur, in the Purvanchal of Uttar Pradesh, boasts of several well-known archaeological, spiritual, cultural and natural sites named after Baba Gorakhnath.
The legendary Hindi writer Munshi Prem Chand lived in Gorakhpur for some time whereas well known Urdu critic and writer Firaq Gorakhpuri belonged to this place. Guru Gorakhnath, Jain Tirthankar Mahavir, founder of Buddhism Gautam Buddha and great saint Kabir are known to be associated with this region. The legends of the martyrdom of Pandir Ram Prasad Bismil and the movement of Chauri Chaura are also closely linked to Gorakhpur.