Anantnag District is in the southern sector of Jhelum Valley. The district has come to be synonymous with greatness because of its rejuvenating climate, its lofty mountains, the melodious flow of sweet waters of its springs and streams, fertile soil, fragrant flowers and delicious fruits.The name of Anantnag District comes from the great spring Ananta Naga at the southern end of the town. This is also corroborated by almost all local historians, according to whom the town has taken the name of this great spring of Cesha or Ananta Naga 'land of countless springs'. The spring is mentioned in the Neelmat Purana as a sacred place for the Hindus.
The Anantnag district has beautiful landscapes. The district can rightly boast of possessing the largest number of hill stations in the whole State. Of them particular mention may be made of Verinag, Kokernag, Achabal, Daksum and world famous hill town of Pahalgam. It is renowned for the ancient Shiva cave temple of Amarnath and the Martand Sun temple.
The nearest airport is Srinagar International Airport.
Anantnag railway station is a railway station on the Northern railway network.
Anantnag is connected by road to Srinagar which is at a distance of 53 kms on NH44.
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