Bairat Monastery


This site is located the village of Bairat (ancient name Viratanagara), 52 miles from Jaipur in the Jaipur district. It is famous for an Asokan inscription. It also has a very early free-standing monastery, probably from the 3rd century BCE. Xuanzang, in the 630's, found 8 monasteries on the site but most were ruined. Only a few monks remained. Excavations carried out on the different terraces of this hill known as Bijak-ki-Pahari have yielded remains of a Mauryan circular stupa-shrine made of lime-plastered panels of brickwork alternating with twenty-six octagonal pillars of wood, preceded by monastic remains with a double row of cells arranged around an open square courtyard.