In the context of silk weaving in the north eastern state of Assam, Sualkuchi is a name that stands apart. The nerve centre of Assam's silk fabric, Sualkuchi is a weaving village of international repute. Situated on the bank of the river Brahmaputra, this picturesque village has been developed over the years as a major centre for commercial production of indigenous silk fabrics, especially the Pat and Muga silk.
Traditional architecture is typified by ethnic and durable bamboo framework, and walls coated with mud. This keeps the interiors cool in summer and warm in winter. The majority of the community is engaged in weaving magic on the looms and the rest are farmers or fishermen. The picturesque Sualkuchi forest range on the opposite side, well-tended agricultural fields and the village fishing pond complete the rustic picture.
Rich in ecological diversity, both migratory and exotic local birds are sighted here, in addition to important mammals such as porcupines, Rhesus monkey, Hog deer, Barking deer, rabbits, Gangetic dolphins etc. Over 30 species of butterflies, moths, beetles, bugs, caterpillars, ants and bees add to the 'buzz' of life here.