Sights to See
One of Patna’s wonders, Gol Ghar is a huge and impressive beehive-shaped structure constructed in July 1786 by Captain John Garstin following a terrible famine in 1770 to serve as a state granary. A flight of steps winds round this 29 m high building to the top from where one gets a panoramic view of the river Ganga and Patna city.
Patna Museum, known locally as Jadu Ghar, is a repository of metal and stone sculptures of the Maurya and Gupta Periods, terracotta figurines and archaeological finds from different sites in Bihar. A couple of hours’ stay here will equip you with the historical knowledge you will need for when you go exploring the capital of Bihar and rest of the state. Among its prized exhibits are ashes of the Buddha, image of Didarganj Yakshi (3rd century BC), and a 16 m long fossilized tree.
A sacred Sikhism destination, Harmandirji has always been the focal point of devotion and spiritual yearnings for Sikhs. Located in the Chowk area of Old Patna, this shrine consecrates the birthplace of the 10th religious preceptor of the Sikh faith, Guru Gobind Singh. Originally built by famous Punjab ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh, this dome-shaped structure contains Sikh scriptures and the personal belongings of the Guru.
Khuda Baksh Oriental Library
One of the oldest libraries in India, Khuda Baksh Oriental Library is located near the bank of river Ganga in Patna. Set up in 1891, the library has a distinguished collection of rare Arabic and Persian manuscripts, Rajput and Mughal paintings and oddities like an inch wide Quran. It also contains the only books rescued from the plunder of the University of Cordoba in Spain.
Located 5 km from Patna Railway Station on the Kankarbagh Road, Kumhrar, the archaeological site of the ancient city of Pataliputra, is a magnet for travellers. Here the remains of some of the gigantic timbers of the wall of Mauryan Patliputra have been excavated. An important find is the 80-pillared huge hall dating back to the Mauryan period.
Life-size statues in front of the old secretariat compound have been put up in memory of seven brave young men who faced bullets for the freedom of the country and sacrificed their lives in August 1942 in the historic struggle for India's independence during "Quit India" movement.
Constructed at the site of Sher Shah's fort, it houses a rich private collection of jade, Chinese paintings and silver filigree work of the Mughal period. The museum can be visited only with prior permission, since it is a private collection.
Pathar Ki Masjid
Variously known as Saif Khan's mosque, Chimni Ghat mosque or Sangi Masjid, this beautiful mosque is situated on the bank of river Ganga. The mosque was built by Parvez Shah, son of the fourth Mughal emperor Jahangir, when the former was the governor of Bihar.
One of the famous landmarks of Patna, Agam Kuan (unfathomable well) is an important early historic archaeological remains in Patna dating back to Ashokan period. This quaint monument is located adjacent o to the Gulzarbagh Railway Station.
Padri-Ki-Haveli (Mansion of the priest)
Also known as St Mary"s Church, it is the oldest church in Bihar.
Other Places of Interest
Biological Park, Bihar Institute of Handicrafts and Designs, Birla Mandir, Nawab Shahid-Ka-Maqbara and Pachim Darwaza are other places of interest in Patna.