Sights to See
Flora diversity consists of semi- evergreen forests, moist kangada (Xylia Xylocarpa) forests, coastal sal forests, thorny bamboo brakes (Bambusa Bambos), planted teak and eupatorium scriubs. Main tree species are Kochila, Kalicha, Belo, Kangada, Giringa, Sunari, Sal, Kumbhi, Jamu, Karanja, Teak and Sidha. Male bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) has a very restricted distribution. Common medicina plants of the sanctuary are Duramari, Baidanka, Brudhadaraka, Bhuinlimbo, Guluchi lata, Salpami, Satabari, Bhuin-kakharu, Indrajaba,Thalkudi, Apamaranga, Kurchi, Patalgaruda, etc. There are also few species of ground orchids.
The bird life of the sanctuary is no less significant. Kumarkhunti reservoir, in winter, serve as transient roosting and feeding ground for several migratory duck species, notably, Garganey and common Teal, Pintail, spot billed and bramhiny Duck and white eyed Pochard. Come July, the flocks of water birds, mainly storks, heron, egrets and cormorants abound.
For history buffs, the two forts of Bualigarh and Chudanga are the major attractions. Watch towers at Kochilaberana, Pitagadia and Charichhak are excellent for viewing wildlife.
Among the fauna about 30 species of mammals, 27 species of reptiles and 120 species of birds can be sighted. Besides the flagship species -- elephants -- other prominent wildlife included leopard, chital, langur, rhesus monkey, mongoose, sloth bear, wolf and hyena, etc. Python, monitor lizard, some variety of snakes are quite common. Mugger crocodiles have adapted to large water bodies in the sanctuary.