Sights to See
The historical fort of Bidar was a stronghold of the Bahamani Kings in the 14th and 15th centuries. The fort is surrounded by three miles of walls with 37 bastions, most of them surmounted with cannons. This fort was a source of irritation to the Mughal rulers of Delhi, and was finally conquered by Aurangzeb. The fort now lies in ruins.
Built by Ahmad Shah Bahmani between 1426 and 1432 A.D, has five Darwazas (gates) with imposing bastions lead into a little town nestling within the ramparts. Enter from the Gumbaz Darwaza and steps lead you to the Rangin Mahal. The royal residence has elaborately carved wooden pillars, Persian couplets engraved in encaustic tiles and exquisite mother-of-pearl inlay work.
Near the palace are the royal kitchens and the royal baths. Further on are the Ladies Apartments with a 16 columned prayer hall built in 1423.
Solah Kamba Masjid
The Solah Kamba Masjid, as it is popularly known, is the oldest Muslim building in Bidar and one of the largest in India. Not to be missed are the Gagan Mahal, the Diwan-E-Am where the fabulous turquoise throne once rested, the Takhat Mahal, the Royal Pavilion, the Hazar Kothari and the Naubat Khana.
Bahmani Tombs at Ashtur
The interiors of the tombs are adorned with well-preserved paintings that are excellent examples of medieval Muslim art. The outer walls are decorated in tile work.
Right in the heart of Bidar town stands the Chaubara, a 71 foot tower. You can have a splendid view from the top of the Chaubara.
Mahamud Gawan Madrasa
The Madrasa of Mahamud Gawan is another important building in Bidar. Architecturally similar to Madrasa at Fez, this university was once a renowned center of learning, attracting scholars from all over the Muslim world.
Guru Nank Jhira
One of holiest places for Sikhs, Gurudwara Bidar attracts a large number of tourists from all parts of the country particularly during the months of November and March. Legend has it that Guru Nanak visited the palace while the land was in the grip of a famine The Guru performed a miracle at the request of the locals and a spring of water from the laterite rock mountain burst out. Till this day crystal clear water flows from the laterite trap. The belief is that drinking of this water cures many ailments.
Papnash Shiva Temple
As per the local traditional saying, the Shiva Linga idol in this temple is one of those installed by Lord Ram during the time of his journey back from Sri Lanka. The location of the temple in a valley is a feast to the eyes. Every year at the time of Shivrathri festival lot of tourists visit this place. A natural spring flows into a pond in front of the temple which is called 'Papnasha'.
Narshimha Jhira Water Cave Temple
To visit the Narasimha Jheera, you have to tread for at least a furlong inside a cave with waist deep water (and countless bats hanging from the roof!) to seek the view of Lord Narasimha.